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Anal Biochem. 2008 Oct 15;381(2):205-13. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2008.06.041. Epub 2008 Jul 16.

Dual polarity accurate mass calibration for electrospray ionization and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry using maltooligosaccharides.

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Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA.


In view of the fact that memory effects associated with instrument calibration hinder the use of many mass-to-charge (m/z) ratios and tuning standards, identification of robust, comprehensive, inexpensive, and memory-free calibration standards is of particular interest to the mass spectrometry community. Glucose and its isomers are known to have a residue mass of 162.05282Da; therefore, both linear and branched forms of polyhexose oligosaccharides possess well-defined masses, making them ideal candidates for mass calibration. Using a wide range of maltooligosaccharides (MOSs) derived from commercially available beers, ions with m/z ratios from approximately 500 to 2500Da or more have been observed using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS) and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS). The MOS mixtures were further characterized using infrared multiphoton dissociation (IRMPD) and nano-liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (nano-LC/MS). In addition to providing well-defined series of positive and negative calibrant ions using either electrospray ionization (ESI) or matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI), the MOSs are not encumbered by memory effects and, thus, are well-suited mass calibration and instrument tuning standards for carbohydrate analysis.

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