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Chirality. 2009 May;21(5):507-18. doi: 10.1002/chir.20629.

High performance liquid chromatographic enantioseparation of chiral bridged polycyclic compounds on chiralcel OD-H and chiralpak OT(+).

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Istituto di Chimica Biomolecolare ICB CNR-sezione di Sassari, Traversa La Crucca, 3, Regione Baldinca, I-07040 Li Punti, Sassari, Italy.


The HPLC enantiomeric separation of 29 racemic bridged polycyclic compounds was examined on commercially available Chiralcel OD-H and Chiralpak OT(+) columns. The separations were evaluated under normal-phase mode (hexane containing mobile phase) for Chiralcel OD-H and under normal-phase as well as under reversed-phase mode (pure MeOH, temperature 5 degrees C) for Chiralpak OT(+). Almost all compounds were resolved either on Chiralcel OD-H or on Chiralpak OT(+), in some cases on both. The use of trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), as modifier of the hexanic mobile phase, had a beneficial effect on the enantioseparation of some polar and acidic compounds on Chiralcel OD-H. The influence of small chemical structural modifications of the analytes on the enantioseparation behavior is discussed. A structure-retention relationship has been observed on both stationary phases. This chromatographic evaluation may provide some information about the chiral recognition mechanism: in the case of Chiralcel OD-H, hydrogen bonding, pi-pi and distereoselective repulsive are supposed to be the major analyte-CSP interactions. In the case of Chiralpak OT(+), a reversed-phase enantioseparation could take place through hydrophobic interactions between the aromatic moiety of the analytes and the chiral propeller structure of the CSP. The synthesis of some unknown racemic bromobenzobicyclo[2.2.1] analytes is also described.

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