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Cancer Gene Ther. 2008 Dec;15(12):776-86. doi: 10.1038/cgt.2008.43. Epub 2008 Jul 25.

Combination therapy with short interfering RNA vectors against VEGF-C and VEGF-A suppresses lymph node and lung metastasis in a mouse immunocompetent mammary cancer model.

Author information

1
Division of Basic Medicine I, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Osaka, Japan. shibatam@art.osaka-med.ac.jp

Abstract

Cancer metastasis contributes significantly to cancer mortality and is facilitated by lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) and VEGF-A are involved in lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis. To inhibit metastasis, combination therapy with vector-based small interfering RNA (siRNA) against VEGF-C and/or VEGF-A was conducted on murine metastatic mammary cancer. Syngeneic, inoculated, metastatic mammary cancers received direct intratumoral injection of plasmid siRNA vector targeting VEGF-C (psiRNA-VEGF-C), VEGF-A (psiRNA-VEGF-A), both VEGF-C and VEGF-A (both psiRNA-VEGF-C and psiRNA-VEGF-A vectors injected, referred to as the psiRNA-VEGF-C+A group) or a scrambled sequence (psiRNA-SCR) as control, once a week for 8 weeks. Gene electrotransfer was performed on the tumors after each injection. Tumor volume was significantly lower in the psiRNA-VEGF-A and the psiRNA-VEGF-C+A groups throughout the study. Lymph node metastasis was significantly less frequent in all therapeutic groups, whereas the multiplicity of lung metastases was significantly lower in the psiRNA-VEGF-C+A group only. All siRNA therapeutic groups showed a significant reduction in the number of dilated lymphatic vessels containing intraluminal cancer cells and microvessel density. Our data suggest that specific silencing of the VEGF-C or VEGF-A gene alone can inhibit lymph node metastasis. However, combination siRNA therapy targeting both VEGF-C and VEGF-A inhibits both lymph node and lung metastasis, rendering this combined therapy more beneficial than either alone. The observed anti-metastatic activity of siRNA-expressing vectors targeting VEGF-C or VEGF-A may be of high clinical significance in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer.

PMID:
18654613
DOI:
10.1038/cgt.2008.43
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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