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Nat Nanotechnol. 2007 Oct;2(10):605-15. doi: 10.1038/nnano.2007.300. Epub 2007 Sep 30.

Carbon-based electronics.

Author information

1
IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598, USA. avouris@us.ibm.com

Abstract

The semiconductor industry has been able to improve the performance of electronic systems for more than four decades by making ever-smaller devices. However, this approach will soon encounter both scientific and technical limits, which is why the industry is exploring a number of alternative device technologies. Here we review the progress that has been made with carbon nanotubes and, more recently, graphene layers and nanoribbons. Field-effect transistors based on semiconductor nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons have already been demonstrated, and metallic nanotubes could be used as high-performance interconnects. Moreover, owing to the excellent optical properties of nanotubes it could be possible to make both electronic and optoelectronic devices from the same material.

PMID:
18654384
DOI:
10.1038/nnano.2007.300
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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