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Langmuir. 2008 Sep 2;24(17):9855-60. doi: 10.1021/la801675d. Epub 2008 Jul 25.

Synthesis of flexible, ultrathin gold nanowires in organic media.

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Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR), Department of Nanoparticle Technology and Electron Microscopy Group, 53175 Bonn, Germany.


Gold nanoparticles are very interesting because of their potential applications in microelectronics, optical devices, analytical detection schemes, and biomedicine. Though shape control has been achieved in several polar solvents, the capability to prepare organosols containing elongated gold nanoparticles has been very limited. In this work we report a novel, simplified method to produce long, thin gold nanowires in an organic solvent (oleylamine), which can be readily redispersed into nonpolar organic solvents. These wires have a characteristic flexible, hairy morphology arising from a small thickness (<2 nm) and an enormous length (up to several micrometers), with the possibility of adjusting the dimensions through modification of the growth conditions, in particular, the gold salt concentration. Despite their extreme aspect ratio, the wires are stable in solution for long periods of time but easily break when irradiated with high-energy electron beams during transmission electron microscopy.


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