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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2008 Sep;295(3):C828-35. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00249.2008. Epub 2008 Jul 23.

Differentiation-dependent regulation of the intestinal folate uptake process: studies with Caco-2 cells and native mouse intestine.

Author information

1
Departments of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, California, USA.

Erratum in

  • Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2009 Feb;296(2):C385-6.

Abstract

Differentiation of intestinal epithelial cells is accompanied by alterations in levels of expression of many genes, including those involved in nutrient uptake. Effects of differentiation of intestinal epithelial cells on the physiological and molecular parameters of the intestinal folate uptake process are not well characterized. To address this issue, we used two models, Caco-2 cells and native mouse intestine. Studies with Caco-2 cells showed a significant increase in the initial rate of carrier-mediated folic acid uptake during differentiation (i.e., as the cells transitioned from preconfluent to confluent and then to postconfluent stages). This increase was associated with an increase in the level of expression of the human reduced folate carrier (hRFC) and the human proton-coupled folate transporter (hPCFT) both at the protein and mRNA levels with differentiation; it was also associated with a significant increase in activity of the hRFC and hPCFT promoters. Studies with native mouse intestine showed a significantly higher folate uptake in villus compared with crypt cells, which was again associated with a significantly higher level of expression of the mouse RFC and PCFT at the protein and mRNA levels. Together, these studies demonstrate that the intestinal folate uptake process undergoes differentiation-dependent regulation and that this regulation is mediated via changes in the level of expression of both the RFC and PCFT. In addition, the studies suggest the possible involvement (at least in part) of a transcriptional mechanism(s) in this type of regulation of the intestinal folate uptake process.

PMID:
18650265
PMCID:
PMC2544450
DOI:
10.1152/ajpcell.00249.2008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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