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Dyslexia. 2008 Aug;14(3):188-96. doi: 10.1002/dys.371.

Is dyslexia necessarily associated with negative feelings of self-worth? A review and implications for future research.

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School of Education and Lifelong Learning, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, UK.


This paper will provide an overview of research in the past 20 years into the relationship between dyslexia and various aspects of self-perception, including self-concept, self-esteem, self-efficacy and locus of control. Problems are identified relating to the measurement of some of the most widely used constructs, as is the need for more precise identification of key variables relating to them. Critical issues concerning the assumptions that can be drawn from largely correlational data are highlighted also. The conclusion is drawn that an alternative approach to research in this area is required to enhance our understanding of how those suffering from learning disabilities of a dyslexic nature develop a positive or negative sense of identity. Suggestions are made as to how this can be achieved by drawing upon attribution theory and other aspects of social psychology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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