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J Biomed Mater Res A. 2009 Sep 1;90(3):920-30. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.32154.

In vitro degradation of a biodegradable polyurethane foam, based on 1,4-butanediisocyanate: a three-year study at physiological and elevated temperature.

Author information

1
Polyganics BV, L.J. Zielstraweg 1, 9713 GX Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Biodegradable polyesterurethanes (PUs) may be used as scaffold materials for tissue regeneration applications, because of their excellent mechanical properties. In this study, the degradation of highly porous PU foams was evaluated in vitro. The PU had amorphous soft segments of DL-lactide/epsilon-caprolactone and uniform hard segments, synthesized from 1,4-butanediisocyanate and butanediol. The foams were degraded for 3 years in a Sörensen buffer solution (pH 7.4) at 37 and 60 degrees C. Dimensions of the foams, intrinsic viscosity, mass loss, thermal properties, and composition of the remaining material were evaluated. Copolyester (CP) foams of DL-lactide/epsilon-caprolactone served as controls. The PU foams kept their dimensions for 20 weeks at 37 degrees C, whereas CP foams collapsed after 3 weeks. PU mass loss reached a maximum of 80% at both 37 and 60 degrees C. CP mass loss reached 99.9% at 60 degrees , and 92% at 37 degrees C after 3 years. The degradation processes at 37 and 60 degrees C are initially the same, but eventually degradation products with different thermal properties are being formed. (1)H NMR studies showed that the hard urethane segments of the PU do not degrade in vitro at pH 7.4. It was concluded that the PU material has favorable characteristics for a scaffold material. Compared to long-term in vivo results of the same PU these in vitro results are not representative for the in vivo situation and therefore total resorption has to be investigated in long-term in vivo studies.

PMID:
18646201
DOI:
10.1002/jbm.a.32154
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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