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Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2008 Oct 13;366(1880):3649-61. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0109.

Acoustic determination of early stages of intravascular blood coagulation.

Author information

1
National Research Centre for Haematology, 125167 Moscow, Russia.

Abstract

The blood coagulation system (BCS) is a complex biological system playing a principal role in the maintenance of haemostasis. Insufficient activity of the BCS may lead to bleeding and blood loss (e.g. in the case of haemophilia). On the other hand, excessive activity may cause intravascular blood coagulation, thromboses and embolization. Most of the methods currently used for BCS monitoring suffer from the major disadvantage of being invasive. The purpose of the present work is to demonstrate the feasibility of using ultrasonic methods for non-invasive registration of the early stages of blood coagulation processes in intensive flows. With this purpose, a special experimental set-up was designed, facilitating the simultaneous detection of optical and acoustic signals during the clotting process. It was shown that (i) as microemboli appear in the flow during the early stage of blood coagulation, the intensity of the Doppler signal increases twofold, and (ii) microemboli formation in the early stages of blood clotting always reveals itself through an acoustic contrast. Both of these effects are well defined, so we hope that they may be used for non-invasive BCS monitoring in clinical practice.

PMID:
18644769
DOI:
10.1098/rsta.2008.0109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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