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Virology. 1987 Oct;160(2):477-81.

Immunocytochemical localization of the 130K and 180K proteins (putative replicase components) of tobacco mosaic virus.

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1
Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113, Japan.

Abstract

We have revealed the cellular localization of the putative replicase components of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), 130K and 180K proteins, in TMV-infected tobacco leaves by the immunogold technique with antisera which specifically react with these two proteins. When sections of TMV-infected tobacco leaves were treated with anti-130K protein antiserum and then with protein A-gold complex, most of the gold label was strongly localized on granular inclusion bodies which were found specifically in the cytoplasm of TMV-infected cells. Very small amounts of label present in other regions, including the nuclei, chloroplasts, and mitochondria, seemed to be nonspecific. Gold-labeled 180K protein was also dispersed over the granular inclusion bodies. The granular inclusion bodies appeared to be oval-shaped structures with various diameters ranging from 0.2 to 2.8 microm. TMV particles were usually observed near the granular inclusion bodies as aggregates but not inside them. Considering the involvement of the 130K and 180K proteins in replication, the granular inclusion bodies may be the site for replication of TMV RNA.

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