Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Vasc Surg. 1991 Jun;5(3):311-9.

Increased in-vitro incubation time of endothelial cells on fibronectin-treated ePTFE increases cell retention in blood flow.

Author information

Department of Surgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, New England Medical Center Hospitals, Boston, Massachusetts.


Endothelial cell (EC) seeding is postulated as a mechanism of improving patency of small calibre vascular grafts. However, the majority of seeded cells are lost within hours following restoration of blood flow. We postulated that incubating EC in-vitro on a graft will improve adherence and resistance to the sheer stresses of pulsatile blood flow. Fibronectin-treated ePTFE (5 cm x 4 mm ID) seeded with Indium-111-labelled autologous canine EC (1.5 x 10(5) cells/cm2) were incubated for four different time periods; 90 min, 24 h, 72 h and 6 days. Incubated grafts were subjected to blood flow of 75 ml/min for 6 h, in a canine ex-vivo arteriovenous shunt circuit. EC retention during perfusion was studied by measuring gamma activity emitted by the grafts. Cell morphology of non-perfused control groups and perfused groups was compared using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SEM of control grafts showed progressive EC spreading on the ePTFE surface for up to 72 h incubation. Gamma activity was significantly higher at 6 h perfusion in grafts incubated for 72 h (82 +/- 4%) and 24 h (63 +/- 6%) vs. 90 min (34 +/- 13%, p less than 0.05), and between grafts incubated for 72 h vs. 6 days (55 +/- 7%, p less than 0.05). Perfused grafts incubated for 72 h showed unaltered EC morphology on SEM, few cells remained on 90 min incubated grafts. We conclude that incubating EC on fibronectin-treated ePTFE for 72 h in-vitro after seeding improves cell retention during blood flow.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center