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Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2008 Aug;14(3):195-203. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2008.04.001. Epub 2008 Jun 4.

Autonomic, neuro-immunological and psychological responses to wrapped warm footbaths--a pilot study.

Author information

1
School of Medicine, College of Nursing, Yokohama City University, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan. keilui@yokohama-cu.ac.jp

Abstract

This study examined the immediate effects of wrapped warm footbaths (WW Footbath) on the autonomic, neuroimmunological and psychological activities in healthy middle-aged volunteers. Thirteen subjects were divided into a footbath group (n=7) and a control group (n=6). Immediate changes in autonomic activities were recorded with wavelet analysis of heart rate variability. Salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and serum cortisol levels were used as neuroimmunological parameters. Psychological conditions were measured using a Visual Analog Scale. Parasympathetic activity tended to increase and sympathetic activity decrease after footbaths.

RESULTS:

Changes in the relaxation indices, that is, sIgA and serum cortisol levels showed that both lying down and footbath resulted in a relaxed state.

CONCLUSION:

WW Footbaths can be an effective method of relaxation, since it induces both a significant increase in parasympathetic activity and significant decrease in sympathetic activity.

PMID:
18640631
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctcp.2008.04.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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