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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Sep 26;374(3):485-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.07.043. Epub 2008 Jul 18.

Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate synthase from the periplasm of Escherichia coli.

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Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, 6163 Biomedical Biophysical Science, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.


This is the first report of a poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) synthase in Escherichia coli. The enzyme was isolated from the periplasm using ammonium sulfate fractionation, hydrophobic, and size-exclusion chromatography and identified by LC/MS/MS as YdcS, a component of a putative ABC transporter. Green Fluorescent Protein-tagged ydcS, purified by 2D native gel electrophoresis, also exhibited PHB synthase activity. Optimal conditions for enzyme activity were 37 degrees C, pH 6.8-7.5, 100 mM KCl. K(m) was 0.14 mM and V(max) was 18.7 nmol/mg protein/min. The periplasms of deletion mutants displayed <25% of the activity of the parent strain. Deletion mutants exhibited approximately 25% less growth in M9 medium, glucose, and contained approximately 30% less PHB complexed to proteins (cPHB) in the outer membranes, but the same concentration of chloroform-extractable PHB as wild-type cells. The primary sequence of YdcS suggests it may belong to the alpha-/beta-hydrolase superfamily which includes polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) synthases, lipases, and esterases.

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