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Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2008 Sep;23(5):603-12. doi: 10.1016/j.acn.2008.06.004. Epub 2008 Jul 17.

Utility of the RBANS in detecting cognitive impairment associated with Alzheimer's disease: sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive powers.

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1
Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa, 1-308 MEB, Iowa City, IA 52242-1000, USA. kevin-duff@uiowa.edu

Abstract

Although initially developed as a brief dementia battery, the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) has not yet demonstrated its sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive powers in detecting cognitive impairment in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, the current study examined the clinical utility of the RBANS by comparing two age-, education-, and gender-matched groups: patients with AD (n=69) and comparators (n=69). Significant differences (p<0.001) were observed on the RBANS Total score, all 5 Indexes, and all 12 subtests, with patients performing worse than the comparison participants. An optimal balance between sensitivity and specificity on RBANS scores was obtained when cutoffs of one and one and a half standard deviations below the mean of the comparison sample were implemented. Areas under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curves for all RBANS Indexes were impressive though Immediate and Delayed Memory Indexes were excellent (0.96 and 0.98, respectively). Results suggest that RBANS scores yield excellent estimates of diagnostic accuracy and that the RBANS is a useful screening tool in detection of cognitive deficits associated with AD.

PMID:
18639437
PMCID:
PMC2570647
DOI:
10.1016/j.acn.2008.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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