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J Vasc Surg. 2008 Oct;48(4):872-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2008.05.025. Epub 2008 Jul 17.

Common femoral artery occlusive disease: contemporary results following surgical endarterectomy.

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1
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Proliferation of endovascular techniques with perceived reduction in treatment morbidity repetitively question the precept that surgical endarterectomy is the preferred treatment for occlusive disease of the common femoral artery (CFA). This study details a contemporary experience with common femoral endarterectomy (CFE) with and without concomitantly performed endovascular therapies.

METHODS:

Technical, hemodynamic, and clinical success of CFE performed between 2002 and 2005 were determined according to the Society of Vascular Surgery reporting standards. Primary and assisted patencies of the CFA segment, freedom from reintervention in the ipsilateral limb, and survival were assessed using Kaplan-Meier life-table analysis. Multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate factors associated with patency and survival.

RESULTS:

CFE was performed on 65 limbs in 58 patients (mean age 71 +/- 10; male 77%; diabetes 28%; creatinine >/= 1.5 mg/dL 19%). Forty-four cases (68%) were performed for claudication, and 21 cases (32%) for critical limb ischemia. Thirty-seven cases (57%) were performed as a hybrid procedure wherein concomitant endovascular interventions were performed. Twenty iliac (TASC II A-30%; B-35%; C-20%; D-15%) and 25 femoropopliteal (TASC II A-24%; B-60%; C-12%; D-4%) lesions were treated. Technical success was achieved in 100% of the cases. Hemodynamic success was achieved in 95% of the cases with mean postoperative increase in ankle-brachial index (ABI) of 0.24 +/- 0.24. All but one patient (98.5%) had improvement in symptoms and/or ABI. Average hospital stay was 3.2 days (range 1-12 days). There were 3 (5%) major complications requiring reintervention (early failure secondary to untreated inflow lesion, hematoma, and wound infection), six (9%) minor complications which were treated conservatively (five wound infections, one lymph leak), and no perioperative mortality. With a mean follow-up period of 27 months (range 1-58 months), 1- and 5-year primary patencies were 93% and 91%, respectively. Assisted patency was 100% at both time points. There was no difference in patencies between CFE performed alone or as a hybrid procedure. Multivariate analysis showed congestive heart failure (CHF) as the only predictor of primary failure (odds ratio [OR] 18.5 [2.6-142.9]; P = .004). Freedom from reintervention in the ipsilateral limb was 82% at 1 year and 78% at 5 years, with CHF again as the only predictor of reintervention (OR 5.3 [1.4-19.6]; P =.012). Survival was 89% at 1 year and 70% at 5 years. There were no amputations.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data suggest CFE should remain the standard of care for occlusive disease of the CFA. Its safety and efficacy establish a standard for comparison with emerging endovascular therapies.

PMID:
18639427
DOI:
10.1016/j.jvs.2008.05.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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