Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Surg Oncol. 2008 Oct;15(10):2765-72. doi: 10.1245/s10434-008-0035-7. Epub 2008 Jul 18.

Chemotherapy with bevacizumab does not affect liver regeneration after portal vein embolization in the treatment of colorectal liver metastases.

Author information

1
Departments of Surgical Oncology and Interventional Radiology, The University of Texas M. D Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Unit 444, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Blockage of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in murine models has been shown to impair liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab (monoclonal antibody anti-VEGF) on liver regeneration after portal vein embolization (PVE) in the treatment of colorectal liver metastases and its possible effect on postoperative outcome after major liver resection.

METHODS:

Records of 65 consecutive patients treated with or without preoperative chemotherapy (with or without bevacizumab) and PVE for colorectal liver metastases from September 1995 to February 2007 were reviewed from a prospective database. Future liver remnant (FLR) volume, degree of FLR hypertrophy after PVE, morbidity, mortality, and survival were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Preoperative PVE was performed after chemotherapy in 43 patients and without chemotherapy in 22 patients. Among the 43 patients treated with chemotherapy, 26 received concurrent bevacizumab. After a median of 4 weeks after PVE, there was no difference in FLR volume increase among patients treated with or without chemotherapy. Similarly, there was no statistically significant difference in degree of FLR hypertrophy among patients treated without (mean, 10.1%) or with chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab (8.8% and 6.8%) (P = .11). Forty-eight (74%) of 65 patients underwent extended right or right hepatectomy after PVE. No differences in morbidity and mortality were observed among patients treated with or without preoperative chemotherapy (with or without bevacizumab).

CONCLUSION:

Preoperative chemotherapy with bevacizumab does not impair liver regeneration after PVE. Liver resection can be performed safely in patients treated with bevacizumab before PVE.

PMID:
18636296
PMCID:
PMC5901734
DOI:
10.1245/s10434-008-0035-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center