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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2008 Aug 1;871(1):125-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.06.043. Epub 2008 Jul 1.

High reproducibility of two-dimensional liquid chromatography using pH-driven fractionation with a pressure-resistant electrode.

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INSERM, U563, Toulouse, France.


Automated two-dimensional liquid chromatography using the PF2D system from Beckman Coulter provides a fractionation platform well suited for differential proteomic studies. To date, the reliability and reproducibility of PF2D has not been accurately tested. Here, we used an optimized software and a pressure-resistant pH electrode, allowing a precise and reproducible control of the pH limits for each fraction during PF2D. We tested the reliability of this improved system by performing several rounds of fractionation using the same protein extract. Three UV maps were generated, leading to 54 chromatograms and more than 3000 protein peaks. Using semi-automated software for peak-to-peak comparison between 2D-LC chromatograms, we demonstrate that the peak concordance is very high. The rates of concordance were higher in the second dimension repeatability tests, indicating that the limiting factors for 2D-LC reproducibility rely on the pI fractionation and sample preparation steps. The reproducibility between maps was closely related to pH curves similarities, further stressing the need of careful pH adjustment and precise electrode calibration.

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