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Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Aug;32(2):138-46. doi: 10.1002/uog.5402.

Uterine artery Doppler at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks and 21 + 0 to 24 + 6 weeks in the prediction of pre-eclampsia.

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1
Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the performance of screening for pre-eclampsia by uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks' gestation and the change in uterine artery PI between 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 and 21 + 0 to 24 + 6 weeks.

METHODS:

In 3107 singleton pregnancies attending for routine care at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 and 21 + 0 to 24 + 6 weeks' gestation we recorded maternal characteristics and medical and obstetric history, and measured uterine artery PI. The distributions of uterine artery PI were made Gaussian after logarithmic transformation and the log of the ratio of uterine artery PI at 21 + 0 to 24 + 6 weeks to that at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks was calculated. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine which of the maternal variables and Doppler findings were significant predictors of early and late pre-eclampsia. The performance of screening was described by receiver-operating characteristics curves.

RESULTS:

Pre-eclampsia developed in 93 (3.0%) pregnancies, including 22 (0.7%) in which delivery was before 34 weeks (early pre-eclampsia) and 71 (2.3%) with delivery at 34 weeks or more (late pre-eclampsia). Seventy-three (2.3%) women developed gestational hypertension, 346 (11.1%) delivered small-for-gestational-age (SGA) babies with no hypertensive disorders and 2595 (83.5%) were unaffected by pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension or SGA. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that maternal variables, uterine artery PI at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks and the change in uterine artery PI between 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 and 21 + 0 to 24 + 6 weeks' gestation provided significant independent contributions to the prediction of pre-eclampsia. For a false positive rate of 5% the predicted detection rates of early and late pre-eclampsia were 90.9 and 31.0%, respectively. The same performance of screening was achieved by reserving second-trimester testing for only the 20% of women at the highest risk after first-trimester screening.

CONCLUSION:

The decrease in uterine artery PI between 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 and 21 + 0 to 24 + 6 weeks is steeper in pregnancies with a normal outcome than in those developing pre-eclampsia. Effective screening for pre-eclampsia can be achieved by the Doppler measurement of uterine artery PI at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks and the change in PI between 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 and 21 + 0 to 24 + 6 weeks.

PMID:
18634131
DOI:
10.1002/uog.5402
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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