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Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2008 Sep;393(5):667-73. doi: 10.1007/s00423-008-0366-7. Epub 2008 Jul 17.

Complications to thyroid surgery: results as reported in a database from a multicenter audit comprising 3,660 patients.

Author information

1
Scandanavian Quality Register for Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery, Lund, Sweden. anders.bergenfelz@med.lu.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM:

During recent years, more radical surgery for thyroid disease, i.e., total instead of subtotal resection, has been evident. Results following this strategy on national levels are scarce.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

From 2004 to 2006, 26 Scandinavian Departments registered 3,660 thyroid operations in a database. Risk factors for complications were analyzed with multiple logistic regression.

RESULTS:

After thyroidectomy, re-bleeding occurred in 2.1% and was associated with older age (OR 1.04; p < 0.0001) and male gender (OR 1.90; p = 0.014). Postoperative infection occurred in 1.6% and associated with lymph node operation (OR 8.18; p < 0.0001). Postoperative unilateral paresis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve was diagnosed 3.9% and bilateral paresis in 0.2%. Unilateral paresis was associated with older age, intrathoracic goiter, thyreotoxicosis, and if routine laryngoscopy was practiced (OR 1.92; p = 0.0002). After 6 months, the incidence of nerve paresis was 0.97%. After bilateral thyroid surgery (n = 1,648), hypocalcaemia treated with vitamin D analogue occurred in 9.9% of the patients at the first follow-up and in 4.4% after 6 months.

CONCLUSION:

Complications to thyroid surgery are not uncommon. The high frequency of hypocalcaemia treated with vitamin D after 6 months is a cause of concern.

PMID:
18633639
DOI:
10.1007/s00423-008-0366-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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