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Exp Anim. 2008 Jul;57(4):347-56.

Role of MAdCAM-1 and its ligand on the homing of transplanted hematopoietic cells in irradiated mice.

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Laboratory of Animal Morphology and Function, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.


We examined the expression of VCAM-1 and MAdCAM-1 after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). We also examined the influence of alpha(4)beta(7) integrin blockade on the homing of cells to the bone marrow and spleen. The expression of VCAM-1 and MAdCAM-1 by endothelial cells in the spleen and bone marrow was examined by immunoelectron microscopy using colloidal gold and was analyzed semiquantitatively. To examine the role of alpha(4)beta(7) integrin in donor cells, a homing assay was conducted following alpha(4)beta(7) integrin blockade in bone marrow-derived hematopoietic cells or spleen colony cells. Immediately after BMT, the expression of VCAM-1 and MAdCAM1 markedly decreased, but expression recovered significantly between 12 and 24 h after BMT. VCAM-1 recovered more acutely than MAdCAM-1 from 12 h onward. In the group transplanted with anti-alpha(4)beta(7) integrin antibody-treated bone marrow cells, the numbers of homing cells in the spleen and bone marrow were significantly decreased in an antibody dose-dependent manner. However, the number of homing cells was not different in either the spleen or bone marrow between anti-alpha(4)beta(7) integrin antibody treated and untreated spleen colony cells. It has been reported that alpha(4)beta(1) integrin and its receptor VCAM-1 play major roles in the homing of hematopoietic cells to bone marrow. Our study indicates the importance of MAdCAM-1 and its ligand, alpha(4)beta(7) integrin, in the homing of bone marrow-derived hematopoietic cells, but not spleen colony-derived cells, to both the spleen and bone marrow.

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