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Mol Immunol. 2008 Aug;45(14):3683-92. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2008.06.008. Epub 2008 Jul 15.

A novel functional motif of osteopontin for human lymphocyte migration and survival.

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1
School of Medicine and School of Pharmacy, Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China.

Abstract

Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix protein of pleiotropic properties and plays an important role in regulating lymphocyte adhesion and cytokine production associated with inflammatory processes and autoimmune diseases. Here we developed and characterized a monoclonal antibody (mAbs) (23C3D3) specific for human OPN. This antibody could inhibit OPN-induced lymphocyte adhesion, migration and survival. Epitope mapping showed that 23C3D3 could specifically recognize the phage displayed peptide (43)WLNPDP(48). In addition, a synthesized mimetic peptide (mimotope) 23P ((40)VATWLNPDPSQK(51)) could block the binding of 23C3D3 to hOPN and significantly inhibit the hOPN-induced lymphocyte adhesion, migration and survival. Moreover, mutations on the WLNPDP motif of hOPN also markedly diminished its activity for lymphocyte activation. Interestingly, this novel epitope is located in the extremely retained domain in all species. The functioning assay indicates that this novel epitope is critically involved in the lymphocyte migration and survival through activating ERK and the transcription factor NF-kappaB pathway, which can be inhibited by the motif (43)WLNPDP(48) blocking antibody, 23C3D3. These results suggest that this novel epitope of OPN may provide a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of T cell-mediated immune diseases.

PMID:
18632157
DOI:
10.1016/j.molimm.2008.06.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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