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Anticancer Res. 2008 May-Jun;28(3A):1467-76.

IFN-y enhances T(H)1 polarisation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells matured with clinical-grade cytokines using serum-free conditions.

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Department of Clinical Research, Tumour Biology Center, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany.


Using serum-free conditions, human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs) tend to mature insufficiently in a T(H)1-polarizing direction under approved and standardized clinical conditions. However, for the initiation of an efficient tumour antigen-specific cytotoxic T-cell response, the induction of a distinct T(H)1 response is favourable. Therefore, to improve T(H)1 polarisation, the influence of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) on the maturation of MoDCs was investigated with clinical-grade cytokines or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in serum-free medium focusing on the viability, phenotypic characteristics, cytokine profile and restimulating capacities. As in previous research, we confirmed that in respect of viability and phenotypic characteristics, cytokine cocktails consisting of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6 and prostaglandin (PG) E2, mature MoDCs most efficiently. However, these cytokine-matured MoDCs secreted relatively high levels of IL-10 and only low levels of IL-12p70. Remarkably, if IFN-gamma was added, significantly lower levels of IL-10 concomitant with higher levels of IL-12p70 could be detected. Pretreatment with IFN-gamma did not improve the phenotypic characteristics nor the T(H)1 polarisation of MoDCs. Nevertheless, MoDCs matured with clinical-grade cytokines and IFN-gamma could be re-stimulated most effectively with IFN-gamma. In conclusion, our work demonstrates that addition of INF-gamma to clinical-grade cytokine cocktails readily matures MoDCs and enhances their T(H)1 polarisation efficiently under serum-free conditions.

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