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Diabetes Care. 2008 Oct;31(10):2026-31. doi: 10.2337/dc08-0972. Epub 2008 Jul 15.

Glucose intolerance in pregnancy and future risk of pre-diabetes or diabetes.

Author information

1
Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. rretnakaran@mtsinai.on.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that any degree of abnormal glucose homeostasis detected on antepartum screening for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) should be associated with an increased risk of postpartum pre-diabetes or diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

In this prospective cohort study, 487 women underwent 1) antepartum GDM screening by a glucose challenge test (GCT) and a diagnostic oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and 2) postpartum metabolic characterization by OGTT at 3 months after delivery. Four baseline glucose tolerance groups were defined on the basis of the antepartum GCT/OGTT: 1) GDM (n = 137); 2) gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT) (n = 91); 3) abnormal GCT with normal glucose tolerance on an OGTT (abnormal GCT NGT) (n = 166); and 4) normal GCT with NGT on an OGTT (normal GCT NGT) (n = 93).

RESULTS:

The prevalence of postpartum glucose intolerance (pre-diabetes or diabetes) increased across the groups from normal GCT NGT (3.2%) to abnormal GCT NGT (10.2%) to GIGT (16.5%) to GDM (32.8%) (P(trend) < 0.0001). On logistic regression analysis, all three categories of abnormal glucose homeostasis in pregnancy independently predicted postpartum glucose intolerance: abnormal GCT NGT odds ratio (OR) 3.6 (95% CI 1.01-12.9); GIGT OR 5.7 (1.6-21.1); and GDM OR 14.3 (4.2-49.1). Furthermore, both in pregnancy and at 3 months postpartum, insulin sensitivity (IS(OGTT)) and pancreatic beta-cell function (insulinogenic index/homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance) progressively decreased across the groups from normal GCT NGT to abnormal GCT NGT to GIGT to GDM (all P(trend) < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Any degree of abnormal glucose homeostasis in pregnancy independently predicts an increased risk of glucose intolerance postpartum.

PMID:
18628572
PMCID:
PMC2551649
DOI:
10.2337/dc08-0972
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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