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J Neurochem. 2008 Sep;106(5):2249-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2008.05563.x.

Sweet taste receptor interacting protein CIB1 is a general inhibitor of InsP3-dependent Ca2+ release in vivo.

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1
Institut für Biochemie und Molekularbiologie II, Molekulare Zellbiologie, Zentrum für Experimentelle Medizin, Hamburg, Germany

Abstract

In a search for sweet taste receptor interacting proteins, we have identified the calcium- and integrin-binding protein 1 (CIB1) as specific binding partner of the intracellular carboxyterminal domain of the rat sweet taste receptor subunit Tas1r2. In heterologous human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells, the G protein chimeras Galpha(16gust44) and Galpha(15i3) link the sweet taste receptor dimer TAS1R2/TAS1R3 to an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-dependent Ca2+ release pathway. To demonstrate the influence of CIB1 on the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, we used sweet and umami compounds as well as other InsP3-generating ligands in FURA-2-based Ca2+ assays in wild-type HEK293 cells and HEK293 cells expressing functional human sweet and umami taste receptor dimers. Stable and transient depletion of CIB1 by short-hairpin RNA increased the Ca2+ response of HEK293 cells to the InsP3-generating ligands ATP, UTP and carbachol. Over-expression of CIB1 had the opposite effect as shown for the sweet ligand saccharin, the umami receptor ligand monosodium glutamate and UTP. The CIB1 effect was dependent on the thapsigargin-sensitive Ca2+ store of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and independent of extracellular Ca2+. The function of CIB1 on InsP3-evoked Ca2+ release from the ER is most likely mediated by its interaction with the InsP3 receptor. Thus, CIB1 seems to be an inhibitor of InsP3-dependent Ca2+ release in vivo.

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