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Neurology. 2008 Jul 15;71(3):196-201. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000317093.57106.33.

GD1b-specific antibody induces ataxia in Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine 3, Division of Neurology, National Defense Medical College, Saitama-ken, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Rabbit ataxic neuropathy and several case reports have suggested a close association of IgG anti-GD1b antibodies with ataxia in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). However, about half of the patients with GBS having IgG anti-GD1b antibodies with no reactivities against other gangliosides (GD1b-mono IgG) do not exhibit ataxia. Antibodies specific to ganglioside complexes (GSCs) containing GD1b have been found in sera from some patients with GBS.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether the reactivities of anti-GD1b IgG to such complexes are different between ataxic and nonataxic patients.

METHODS:

The authors examined sera from 17 patients with GBS (9 with ataxia and 8 without ataxia) who had GD1b-mono IgG, with the use of an ELISA in which wells were coated with a mixture of GD1b and each of nine gangliosides (GM1, GM2, GM3, GD1a, GD3, GT1a, GT1b, GQ1b, and GalNAc-GD1a). The binding activities of the anti-GD1b IgG antibodies against such mixture antigens were compared between ataxic and nonataxic patients.

RESULTS:

The reactivities to antigens, such as GD1b combined with GD1a, GT1b, GQ1b, and GalNAc-GD1a, were significantly reduced in ataxic compared with nonataxic patients. Sera from all nonataxic patients had antibody activities to GSCs not containing GD1b.

CONCLUSIONS:

The addition of another ganglioside may cause conformational change of GD1b. Given the inhibition of the binding ability of the anti-GD1b IgG antibodies by such a conformational change, the anti-GD1b IgG antibodies in ataxic patients may interact closely with GD1b. IgG antibodies highly specific for GD1b may induce ataxia in Guillain-Barré syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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