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Life Sci. 2008 Aug 15;83(7-8):264-71. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2008.06.008. Epub 2008 Jun 24.

The positive inotropic effect of endothelin-1 is mediated by mitochondrial reactive oxygen species.

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  • 1Centro de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Facultad de Ciencias M├ędicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


We have previously demonstrated the participation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the positive inotropic effect of a physiological concentration of Angiotensin II (Ang II, 1 nM). The objective of the present work was to evaluate the role and source of ROS generation in the positive inotropic effect produced by an equipotent concentration of endothelin-1 (ET-1, 0.4 nM). Isolated cat ventricular myocytes were used to measure sarcomere shortening with a video-camera, superoxide anion (()O(2)(-)) with chemiluminescence, and ROS production and intracellular pH (pH(i)) with epifluorescence. The ET-1-induced positive inotropic effect (40.4+/-3.1%, n=10, p<0.05) was associated to an increase in ROS production (105+/-29 fluorescence units above control, n=6, p<0.05). ET-1 also induced an increase in ()O(2)(-) production that was inhibited by the NADPH oxidase blocker, apocynin, and by the blockers of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) channels (mK(ATP)), glibenclamide and 5 hydroxydecanoic acid. The ET-1-induced positive inotropic effect was inhibited by apocynin (0.3 mM; 6.3+/-6.6%, n=13), glibenclamide (50 microM; 8.8+/-3.5%, n=6), 5 hydroxydecanoic acid (500 microM; 14.1+/-8.1, n=9), and by scavenging ROS with MPG (2 mM; 0.92+/-5.6%, n=8). ET-1 enhanced proton efflux (J(H)) carried by the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) after an acid load, effect that was blocked by MPG. Consistently, the ET-induced positive inotropic effect was also inhibited by the NHE selective blocker HOE642 (5 microM; 9.37+/-6.07%, n=7). The data show that the effect of a concentration of ET-1 that induces an increase in contractility of about 40% is totally mediated by an intracellular pathway triggered by mitochondrial ROS formation and stimulation of the NHE.

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