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Biotechnol Bioeng. 1995 Oct 5;48(1):66-77.

A synthetic medium for continuous culture of the S-layer carrying Bacillus stearothermophilus PV 72 and studies on the influence of growth conditions on cell wall properties.

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Zentrum für Ultrastrukturforschung und Ludwieng Boltzmann-Institut für Molekulare Nanotechnologie, Universität für Bodenkultur, Gregor Mendel-Strasse 33, A-1180 Wien, Austria.


Bacterial cell surface layers (S-layers) which show a crystalline structure, defined pores, and a regular arrangement of functional groups can be used for production of isoporous ultrafiltration membranes and as a matrix for immobilization of macromolecules. S-layer-carrying cell wall fragments from thermophilic Bacillaceae possess an extremely thin peptidoglycan-containing layer with pores larger than those in the S-layer lattice. Thus, they can directly be used for biotechnological applications, when an S-layer protein pool is stored in the rigid cell wall layer which is released during cell wall preparation, forming an inner S-layer. In the present study, a synthetic medium for Bacillus stearothermophilus PV 72 was developed by applying the pulse and shift technique with the aim to produce cell wall fragments with before-mentioned properties by varying the growth conditions in continuous culture. The organism was grown at 57 degrees C in a bioreactor with 1 L working volume equipped with exhaust gas analysis and connected to a PC-based process control system. Biomass concentration was 2.2 g/L out of 8 g/L glucose at a dilution rate of 0.3 h(-1), giving a biomass productivity of 0.66 g/L h. Although the organism was grown under different conditions, no change in peptidoglycan composition, extent of peptidoglycan crosslinking, and content of secondary cell wall polymers was observed. The amount of S-layer protein pool stored in the rigid cell wall layer and the autolytic activity depended mainly on the specific growth rate. Cell wall fragments with properties required for ultrafiltration membrane production could be produced by parameter settings in continuous culture.


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