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J Hypertens. 2008 Aug;26(8):1642-50. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0b013e328301a280.

Effects of hypertension therapy based on eprosartan on systolic arterial blood pressure and cognitive function: primary results of the Observational Study on Cognitive function And Systolic Blood Pressure Reduction open-label study.

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1
University Paris-Descartes, Department of Geriatrics, Broca Hospital, Paris, France. olivier.hanon@brc.aphp.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent studies have indicated a relationship between hypertension and cognitive function but therapeutic trials of antihypertensive therapy on the prevention of cognitive disorders have produced controversial findings.

METHODS:

The Observational Study on Cognitive function And Systolic Blood Pressure Reduction is an open-label trial in 28 countries designed to evaluate the impact of eprosartan-based therapy on cognitive function. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used as a global tool for the comprehensive assessment of cognitive function, with an intention to treat a cohort of 25 745 hypertensive patients aged at least 50 years during a follow-up interval of 6 months. Blood pressure therapy was initiated with eprosartan 600 mg/day with provision for additional medication to be introduced after 1 month in patients with insufficient blood pressure response.

RESULTS:

Use of eprosartan, either as monotherapy or in combination regimens, was associated with a substantial reduction in arterial blood pressure from 161.9/93.1 mmHg at baseline to 136.1/80.8 mmHg at 6 months (P < 0.0001). The overall mean Mini-Mental State Examination score at completion of follow-up was 27.9 +/- 2.9 compared with 27.1 +/- 3.4 at baseline (P < 0.0001). A significant correlation was shown between the mean absolute response of Mini-Mental State Examination and the magnitude of systolic blood pressure reduction. At the end of the study, patients with systolic blood pressure less than 140 mmHg had a larger improvement in Mini-Mental State Examination [0.88 +/- 0.01 (SEM)] than those with systolic blood pressure between 140 and 159 mmHg [0.69 +/- 0.02 (SEM); P < 0.001], or than those with systolic blood pressure of at least 160 mmHg [0.38 +/- 0.05 (SEM); P < 0.0001]. Furthermore, cognitive decline was demonstrated in multiple linear regression to be independently associated with age [odds ratio 1.19 (1.14; 1.25)], Mini-Mental State Examination at baseline [odds ratio 1.19 (1.14; 1.25)], systolic blood pressure at baseline [odds ratio 1.20 (1.13; 1.27)] and systolic blood pressure reduction [odds ratio 0.77 (0.73; 0.82)].

CONCLUSION:

The results of the Observational Study on Cognitive function And Systolic Blood Pressure Reduction are supportive of the proposition that antihypertensive therapy based on drugs that target the renin-angiotensin system is associated with preservation of cognitive function.

PMID:
18622244
DOI:
10.1097/HJH.0b013e328301a280
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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