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J Hypertens. 2008 Aug;26(8):1642-50. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0b013e328301a280.

Effects of hypertension therapy based on eprosartan on systolic arterial blood pressure and cognitive function: primary results of the Observational Study on Cognitive function And Systolic Blood Pressure Reduction open-label study.

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University Paris-Descartes, Department of Geriatrics, Broca Hospital, Paris, France.



Recent studies have indicated a relationship between hypertension and cognitive function but therapeutic trials of antihypertensive therapy on the prevention of cognitive disorders have produced controversial findings.


The Observational Study on Cognitive function And Systolic Blood Pressure Reduction is an open-label trial in 28 countries designed to evaluate the impact of eprosartan-based therapy on cognitive function. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used as a global tool for the comprehensive assessment of cognitive function, with an intention to treat a cohort of 25 745 hypertensive patients aged at least 50 years during a follow-up interval of 6 months. Blood pressure therapy was initiated with eprosartan 600 mg/day with provision for additional medication to be introduced after 1 month in patients with insufficient blood pressure response.


Use of eprosartan, either as monotherapy or in combination regimens, was associated with a substantial reduction in arterial blood pressure from 161.9/93.1 mmHg at baseline to 136.1/80.8 mmHg at 6 months (P < 0.0001). The overall mean Mini-Mental State Examination score at completion of follow-up was 27.9 +/- 2.9 compared with 27.1 +/- 3.4 at baseline (P < 0.0001). A significant correlation was shown between the mean absolute response of Mini-Mental State Examination and the magnitude of systolic blood pressure reduction. At the end of the study, patients with systolic blood pressure less than 140 mmHg had a larger improvement in Mini-Mental State Examination [0.88 +/- 0.01 (SEM)] than those with systolic blood pressure between 140 and 159 mmHg [0.69 +/- 0.02 (SEM); P < 0.001], or than those with systolic blood pressure of at least 160 mmHg [0.38 +/- 0.05 (SEM); P < 0.0001]. Furthermore, cognitive decline was demonstrated in multiple linear regression to be independently associated with age [odds ratio 1.19 (1.14; 1.25)], Mini-Mental State Examination at baseline [odds ratio 1.19 (1.14; 1.25)], systolic blood pressure at baseline [odds ratio 1.20 (1.13; 1.27)] and systolic blood pressure reduction [odds ratio 0.77 (0.73; 0.82)].


The results of the Observational Study on Cognitive function And Systolic Blood Pressure Reduction are supportive of the proposition that antihypertensive therapy based on drugs that target the renin-angiotensin system is associated with preservation of cognitive function.

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