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Clin Immunol. 2008 Sep;128(3):314-21. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2008.02.013. Epub 2008 Jul 11.

Memory B cells in common variable immunodeficiency: clinical associations and sex differences.

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Department of Medicine, Pediatrics and Immunobiology Center, Mount Sinai Medical School, New York, NY 10029, USA.


Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous syndrome characterized by impaired antibody responses, recurrent infections, inflammatory, autoimmune and malignancy-related conditions. We evaluated the relationship between memory B cell phenotype, sex, age at diagnosis, immunologic and clinical conditions in 105 CVID subjects from one medical center. Reduced numbers of switched memory B cells (cutoff <or=0.55% of B cells) were an independent risk factor of granulomas, autoimmune diseases and splenomegaly (p<0.001). Not previously noted, CVID females had significantly more switched memory cells (p=0.007) than males. Splenectomized subjects did not have fewer IgM memory B cells and these numbers were not related to the development of lung disease, as previously proposed. Lower baseline serum IgG was an independent predictor of pneumonia (p=0.007) and severe infections (p=0.001). We conclude that outcomes in CVID depend on an interplay of factors including sex, numbers of switched memory B cells, and baseline serum IgG and IgA levels.

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