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J Occup Environ Med. 2008 Jul;50(7):746-57. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31817e9171.

The prevalence of psychological distress in employees and associated occupational risk factors.

Author information

1
Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, Locked Bag 500, Richlands, Queensland 4077, Australia. michael_hilton@qcmhr.uq.edu.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

There is limited occupational health industry data pertaining to 1) the prevalence of psychological distress in various employee subtypes and 2) risk factors for employee psychological distress.

METHOD:

The employees of 58 large public and private sector employers were invited to complete the Kessler 6 (K6) as part of the Health and Performance at Work Questionnaire. A K6 score of > or =13 was chosen to indicate high psychological distress.

RESULTS:

Data on 60,556 full-time employees indicate that 4.5% of employees have high psychological distress of which only 22% were in current treatment. Occupational risk factors identified include long working hours, sales staff and non-traditional gender roles.

CONCLUSION:

High psychological distress is pervasive across all employee subtypes and remains largely untreated. Risk factors identified will guide the targeting of mental health promotion, prevention and screening programs.

PMID:
18617830
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0b013e31817e9171
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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