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Blood. 2008 Sep 15;112(6):2232-41. doi: 10.1182/blood-2008-03-143636. Epub 2008 Jul 10.

Outcome of alloanergized haploidentical bone marrow transplantation after ex vivo costimulatory blockade: results of 2 phase 1 studies.

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Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


We report the outcomes of 24 patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies or bone marrow failure (BMF) who received haploidentical bone marrow transplantation (BMT) after ex vivo induction of alloantigen-specific anergy in donor T cells by allostimulation in the presence of costimulatory blockade. Ninety-five percent of evaluable patients engrafted and achieved full donor chimerism. Despite receiving a median T-cell dose of 29 x10(6)/kg, only 5 of 21 evaluable patients developed grade C (n = 4) or D (n = 1) acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), with only one attributable death. Twelve patients died from treatment-related mortality (TRM). Patients reconstituted T-cell subsets and immunoglobulin levels rapidly with evidence of in vivo expansion of pathogen-specific T cells in the early posttransplantation period. Five patients reactivated cytomegalovirus (CMV), only one of whom required extended antiviral treatment. No deaths were attributable to CMV or other viral infections. Only 1 of 12 evaluable patients developed chronic GVHD. Eight patients survive disease-free with normal performance scores (median follow-up, 7 years). Thus, despite significant early TRM, ex vivo alloanergization can support administration of large numbers of haploidentical donor T cells, resulting in rapid immune reconstitution with very few viral infections. Surviving patients have excellent performance status and a low rate of chronic GVHD.

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