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Biopolymers. 2008 Nov;89(11):1021-31. doi: 10.1002/bip.21052.

Computational analysis of glycoside hydrolase family 1 specificities.

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Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA.


Glycoside hydrolase family 1 consists of beta-glucosidases, beta-galactosidases, 6-phospho-beta-galactosidases, myrosinases, and other enzymes having similar primary and tertiary structures but diverse specificities. Among these enzymes, beta-glucosidases hydrolyze cellobiose to glucose, and therefore they are key players in any cellulose to glucose process. All family members attack beta-glycosidic bonds between a pyranosyl glycon and an aglycon, but most have little specificity for the aglycon or for the bond configuration. Furthermore, glycon specificity is not absolute. Sixteen family members (six beta-glucosidases, two cyanogenic beta-glucosidases, one 6-phospho-beta-galactosidase, two myrosinases, and five beta-glycosidases) have known tertiary structures. We have used automated docking to computationally bind disaccharides with allopyranosyl, galactopyranosyl, glucopyranosyl, mannopyranosyl, 6-phosphogalactopyranosyl, and 6-phosphoglucopyranosyl glycons, all linked by beta-(1,2), beta-(1,3), beta-(1,4), and beta-(1,6)-glycosidic bonds to beta-glucopyranoside aglycons, along with beta-(1,1-thio)-allopyranosyl, -galactopyranosyl, -glucopyranosyl, and -mannopyranosyl) beta-glucopyranosides, into all of these structures to investigate the structural determinants of their enzyme specificities. The following are the eight active-site residues: Glu191, Thr194, Phe205, Asn285, Arg336, Asn376, Trp378, and Trp465 (Zea mays beta-glucosidase numbering), that control a significant amount of glycon specificity.

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