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Mol Cell. 2008 Jul 11;31(1):21-32. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2008.04.028.

Chk2 suppresses the oncogenic potential of DNA replication-associated DNA damage.

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Molecular Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Cornell University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, New York, NY 10021, USA.

Erratum in

  • Mol Cell. 2008 Dec 26;32(6):889.


The Mre11 complex (Mre11, Rad50, and Nbs1) and Chk2 have been implicated in the DNA-damage response, an inducible process required for the suppression of malignancy. The Mre11 complex is predominantly required for repair and checkpoint activation in S phase, whereas Chk2 governs apoptosis. We examined the relationship between the Mre11 complex and Chk2 in the DNA-damage response via the establishment of Nbs1(DeltaB/DeltaB) Chk2(-/-) and Mre11(ATLD1/ATLD1) Chk2(-/-) mice. Chk2 deficiency did not modify the checkpoint defects or chromosomal instability of Mre11 complex mutants; however, the double-mutant mice exhibited synergistic defects in DNA-damage-induced p53 regulation and apoptosis. Nbs1(DeltaB/DeltaB) Chk2(-/-) and Mre11(ATLD1/ATLD1) Chk2(-/-) mice were also predisposed to tumors. In contrast, DNA-PKcs-deficient mice, in which G1-specific chromosome breaks are present, did not exhibit synergy with Chk2(-/-) mutants. These data suggest that Chk2 suppresses the oncogenic potential of DNA damage arising during S and G2 phases of the cell cycle.

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