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Dig Dis Sci. 2009 Mar;54(3):530-7. doi: 10.1007/s10620-008-0372-1. Epub 2008 Jul 9.

Genetic recombinant expression and characterization of human augmenter of liver regeneration.

Author information

1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Eastern Hepatobiliary Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 225 Changhai Road, Shanghai, 200438, China. gaocf1115@yahoo.com

Abstract

AIMS:

To establish a highly effective prokaryotic recombinant expression system for human augmenter of liver regeneration (hALR) and to characterize the recombinant hALR both in vitro and in vivo.

METHODS:

ALR cDNA was synthesized and inserted into expression vector pET28a+, the recombinant plasmid was transformed into BL21, and expression of hALR was induced by IPTG. Recombinant hALR (rhALR) was purified by sequential detergent wash, enterokinase (EK) digestion, gel-filtration, and chelating chromatography. The rhALR was identified by SDS-PAGE, immunoblotting, MALDI-TOF-MS, and N-terminal sequencer. Cell proliferative effect of rhALR on human hepatocytes was analyzed by MTT. The protective effect of rhALR on liver function was observed on CCl(4)-induced intoxicated mice.

RESULTS:

Recombinant expression plasmid of ALR [pET28(a+)-hALR] was confirmed by restriction enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing. The expressed rhALR constituted 30% of total bacterial protein. Molecular weight was 15,029 for monomer and 30,136 for dimer by mass determination. N-terminal was M-R-T-Q-Q, exactly the same as anticipated for hALR. The purified protein migrating at about 15 KD showed excellent antigenicity in immunoblotting. The rhALR also showed a strong stimulative effect on hepatocyte proliferation. ALT and AST levels, liver histological structure, as well as the survival rate of CCl(4)-intoxicated mice were significantly improved when rALR was administrated at 40 microg/kg or 200 microg/kg.

CONCLUSIONS:

The rhALR is successfully expressed highly effectively with anticipated MW, N-terminal, and antigenicity. It could play an important role in relieving acute hepatic injury and hepatic failure by promoting hepatic cell proliferation and improving liver function in CCl(4)-intoxicated mice.

PMID:
18612818
DOI:
10.1007/s10620-008-0372-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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