Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2008 Aug 31;162(3):190-6. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2008.06.011. Epub 2008 Jun 20.

Acute Influenza A infection induces bronchial hyper-responsiveness in mice.

Author information

  • 1Division of Clinical Sciences, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, PO Box 855, West Perth WA 6872, Australia.


This study aimed to determine whether the route of administration of methacholine (MCh) influenced the pattern of airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) in mice. BALB/c mice were inoculated with a 50-microL volume containing 10(4.5)-pfu Influenza virus A/Mem/1/71(H3N1) or media. MCh responsiveness in vivo [inhaled (0.01-30 mg/mL), i.v. MCh (6-48 microg/min/kg)] and in vitro were measured at day 4 post-infection (D4) during acute lower respiratory infection (LRI) and following resolution of infection at day 20 (D20) using a low-frequency, forced oscillation technique. Inflammation was assessed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Infected mice had pulmonary inflammation and heightened responsiveness to both inhaled (p<0.03) and intravenous (p<0.02) MCh on D4, but not on D20. In vitro responsiveness was not altered at either time point. Influenza A LRI results in AHR during acute infection associated with a marked inflammatory response and increased permeability of the alveolar-capillary barrier. These data suggest that intrinsic muscle properties are not altered but MCh has greater access to airway smooth muscle during acute infection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center