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J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2009 Apr;24(2):499-505. doi: 10.1080/14756360802218441 .

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Biphenylsulfonamides with inhibitory action towards the transmembrane, tumor-associated isozymes IX possess cytotoxic activity against human colon, lung and breast cancer cell lines.

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Applied Surfactant Laboratory, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt.


Reaction of 4,4-biphenyl-disulfonyl chloride with aromatic/heterocyclic sulfonamides also incorporating a free amino group, such as 4-aminobenzenesulfonamide, 4-aminoethyl-benzenesulfonamide, 6-chloro-4-aminobenzene-1,3-disulfonamide or 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-sulfonamide afforded bis-sulfonamides which have been tested as inhibitors of the zinc enzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4..2.1.1). The compounds were rather modest inhibitors of isozymes CA I and XII, but were more efficient as inhibitors of the cytosolic CA II and transmembrane, tumor-associated CA IX (inhibition constants in the range of 21-129 nM gainst hCA II, and 23-79 nM against hCA IX, respectively). The new bis-sulfonamides also showed inhibition of growth of several tumor cell lines (ex vivo), with GI(50) values in the range of 0.74-10.0 microg/mL against the human colon cancer cell line HCT116, the human lung cancer cell line H460 and the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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