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J Bacteriol. 1991 Aug;173(16):5068-78.

Mutational analysis of repression and activation of the tyrP gene in Escherichia coli.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.


In a previous report it had been suggested that the tyrP gene of Escherichia coli may be expressed from two separate promoters. We have endeavored to confirm this suggestion by primer extension studies and the separate subcloning of each of these promoters. In these studies, we found a single promoter whose expression was repressed by TyrR protein in the presence of tyrosine and activated by TyrR protein in the presence of phenylalanine. Two adjacent TYR R boxes, with the downstream one overlapping the tyrP promoter, are the likely targets for the action of TyrR protein. Mutational analysis showed that both TYR R boxes were required for tyrosine-mediated repression but that only the upstream box was required for phenylalanine-mediated activation. In vitro DNase protection studies established that whereas in the absence of tyrosine TyrR protein protected the region of DNA represented by the upstream box, at low TyrR protein concentrations both tyrosine and ATP were required to protect the region of DNA involving the downstream box and overlapping the RNA polymerase binding site.

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