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Glycoconj J. 2009 Jan;26(1):33-40. doi: 10.1007/s10719-008-9159-z. Epub 2008 Jul 8.

Core saccharide dependence of sialyl Lewis X biosynthesis.

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Division of Clinical Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, F79, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden.


The sialyl-Lewis X (SLe(x)) determinant is important in leukocyte extravasation, metastasis and bacterial adhesion. The role of the protein, N-glycan and O-glycan core structures for the biosynthesis of SLe(x) in vivo by fucosyltransferases (FucTs) is not known. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc fusion proteins of alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP), P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) or CD43 were used to probe the specificity of FucT-III-VII expressed alone in 293T and COS cells or together with O-glycan core enzymes in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells. Western blotting with the monoclonal antibodies CSLEX and KM93 showed that FucT-III and V-VII produced SLe(x) on core 2 in CHO cells. Only FucT-V, -VI and, with low activity, -VII worked on core 3 on CD43/IgG, but no SLe(x) was detected with CSLEX on PSGL-1/IgG with core 3. KM93 stained SLe(x) on core 2, but was not reactive with SLe(x) on core 3. FucT-III, V-VII made SLe(x) on N-glycans of AGP/IgG in CHO, but not in COS and 293T cells, even though the same FucTs could make SLe(x) on CD43/IgG and PSGL-1/IgG in these cells. Our results define the specificities of FucT-III-VII in SLe(x) biosynthesis on O-glycans with different core structures and the fine specificity of the widely used anti-SLe(x) monoclonal antibody, KM93.

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