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Coron Artery Dis. 2008 Aug;19(5):299-305. doi: 10.1097/MCA.0b013e3282fec058.

Plasma N-epsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine levels are associated with the extent of vessel injury after coronary arterial stenting.

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CNR, Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Massa, Italy.



In animal models, increased tissue receptor for advanced glycation end products and its ligands, including N-epsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), are critically implicated in postprocedural intimal hyperplasia after balloon injury. In patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions with stenting, we investigated whether plasma levels of CML and the soluble form of receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) changed during poststenting follow-up.


We studied 81 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent successful percutaneous coronary interventions. Plasma levels of CML and sRAGE were measured before intervention, and at 1 day and 180 days of follow-up.


CML levels increased significantly at day 1 after stenting and persisted at an elevated level at 180 days (P=0.013), whereas sRAGE levels increased significantly at 180 days (P=0.011). CML levels were significantly higher in multivessel-treated patients than in single-vessel-treated patients both at 1 day and 180 days of follow-up. In addition, CML values were positively associated with the extent of stent area at 1 day and 180 days of follow-up (r=0.278, P=0.022 and r=0.315, P=0.012, respectively). In logistic regression analysis, only the extent of stent area predicted adverse clinical events at 180-day follow-up (P=0.03, odds ratio=14.25, confidence interval=1.25-162.2).


This study supports the hypothesis that increased circulating levels of CML occurred in the presence of vascular injury. This persistent rise of CML could amplify an inflammatory phenomenon triggered by stent placement and thus contributes to coronary artery disease progression.

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