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J Atheroscler Thromb. 2008 Jun;15(3):146-53.

Effects of statin on small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and remnant-like particle cholesterol in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yokohama Sakae Kyosai Hospital, Federation of National Public Service Personnel Mutual Associations, Yokhohama, Japan. nozue2493@yahoo.co.jp

Abstract

AIM:

The effects of statin on small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sd-LDL-C) and remnant-like particle cholesterol (RLP-C) levels in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) have not been examined. This study aimed to clarify the effects of statin on sd-LDL-C and RLP-C levels in heterozygous FH.

METHODS:

Seventeen patients with heterozygous FH were randomly assigned to 2 mg/day pitavastatin or 10 mg/day atorvastatin. At baseline and 12 weeks after treatment with statin, we measured sd-LDL-C and RLP-C levels.

RESULTS:

Sd-LDL-C levels significantly decreased from 43 +/- 24 to 16 +/- 10 mg/dL (-63%, p=0.001) in the pitavastatin group, and from 44 +/- 17 to 19 +/- 10 mg/dL (-55%, p<0.001) in the atorvastatin group. RLP-C levels decreased from 8.4 +/- 2.8 to 6.6 +/- 2.7 mg/dL (-16%, p=0.156) in the pitava-statin group, and from 9.8 +/- 4.7 to 5.9 +/- 5.4 mg/dL (-45%, p=0.044) in the atorvastatin group. There were no significant differences in percent changes of sd-LDL-C (p=0.370) and RLP-C levels (p=0.097) between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sd-LDL-C measured by the heparin-magnesium precipitation method and RLP-C levels in heterozygous FH were decreased by 12 weeks of statin therapy. Statin might have additional anti-atherogenic effects by reducing not only LDL-C but also sd-LDL-C and RLP-C.

PMID:
18603821
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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