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Curr Opin Drug Discov Devel. 2008 Jul;11(4):512-32.

From the bench to the bedside: dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors, a new class of oral antihyperglycemic agents.

Author information

1
Department of Discovery Chemistry, Small Molecular Drug Discovery, Genentech Inc, 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. pei.zhonghua@gene.com

Abstract

New therapeutic agents are needed to combat the ever-increasing prevalence of diabetes. The two incretins glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) (GLP-1(7-36)) amide and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) are released from the small intestine in response to the ingestion of nutrients and regulate glucose homeostasis in a glucose-dependent fashion; however, the action of both incretins is terminated by the rapid N-terminal cleavage of two amino acid residues of GLP-1 and GIP by dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV). The preservation of active GLP-1 and GIP by inhibiting DPP-IV activity is an attractive strategy for the treatment of diabetes in patients who exhibit a reduced incretin response. This strategy has resulted in the launch of two DPP-IV inhibitor drugs; sitagliptin in North America, several European territories, and various other countries, and vildagliptin in the EU as well as various countries. This article provides an overview of the recent advances in and the lessons learned from the design of potent and selective small-molecule inhibitors of DPP-IV for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
18600568
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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