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Histochem Cell Biol. 2008 Nov;130(5):943-56. doi: 10.1007/s00418-008-0456-1. Epub 2008 Jul 4.

Differential expression pattern of protein ARVCF in nephron segments of human and mouse kidney.

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Division of Cell Biology, German Cancer Research Center, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.


The protein ARVCF is a member of the p120 subfamily of armadillo proteins whose members have been described to occur in junction-bound and non-junction-bound forms. Studies on ARVCF were constrained because the endogenous protein was difficult to detect with the available reagents. We have generated novel monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies usable for biochemical and localization studies. By systematic immunohistochemical analysis of various tissues protein ARVCF is prominently detected in mouse, bovine and human kidney. Using antibodies against specific markers of nephron segments protein ARVCF is localized in proximal tubules according to double label immunofluorescence. Besides its occurrence in proximal tubules of adult kidney and in renal cell carcinoma derived from proximal tubules ARVCF is also detected in maturing nephrons in early mouse developmental stages such as, for example, 15 days of gestation (E15). Immunoblotting of total extracts of cultured cells of renal origin showed that ARVCF is detected in all human and murine cultured cells analyzed. Upon immunolocalization ARVCF is mostly detected in the cytoplasm occurring in a fine granular form. This prominent cytoplasmic localization of ARVCF in cultured cells and its occurrence in proximal tubules implies an involvement of ARVCF in specific functional processes of proximal tubules of kidney.

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