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AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008 Sep;29(8):1471-5. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A1153. Epub 2008 Jul 3.

Role of recanalization in acute stroke outcome: rationale for a CT angiogram-based "benefit of recanalization" model.

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1
Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

In acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke, CT angiographic (CTA) source images (CTA-SI) identify tissue likely to infarct despite early recanalization. This pilot study evaluated the impact of recanalization status on clinical and radiologic predictors of patient outcomes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Of 44 patients undergoing CT/CTA within 6 hours of developing symptoms of proximal MCA ischemia, 19 patients achieved complete proximal MCA (MCA M1) recanalization. Admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, onset-to-imaging time, CTA-SI Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score, MCA M1 occlusion, cerebrovascular collaterals score, and CTA-SI lesion volume were correlated with 3- to 6-month follow-up modified Rankin Scale (mRS). We developed 2 stepwise regression models: one for patients with complete MCA M1 recanalization and one for patients without complete recanalization.

RESULTS:

Complete and incomplete recanalization groups had similar median admission NIHSS scores (19 versus 19) and mean onset-to-imaging times (2.3 versus 1.9 hours) but different proportions of patients achieving mRS scores 0-2 (74% versus 40%; P = .04). The only independent predictors of clinical outcome in patients with complete recanalization were onset-to-imaging time and admission CTA-SI lesion volume (total model R(2) = 0.75; P = .01). The only independent predictors of outcome in patients with incomplete recanalization were admission CTA-SI lesion volume and NIHSS score (total model R(2) = 0.66; P = .007).

CONCLUSION:

Regardless of recanalization status, admission CTA-SI lesion volume was associated with clinical outcome. Recanalization status did, however, affect which variables in addition to CTA-SI volume significantly impacted clinical outcome: time with complete recanalization and NIHSS with incomplete recanalization. This finding may support the development of a model predicting the potential clinical benefit expected with early successful recanalization.

PMID:
18599577
DOI:
10.3174/ajnr.A1153
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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