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Bioresour Technol. 2009 Jan;100(1):10-8. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2008.05.027. Epub 2008 Jul 2.

Pretreatments to enhance the digestibility of lignocellulosic biomass.

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1
Department of Agrotechnology and Food Sciences, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Hendriks.Alexander@gmail.com

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass represents a rather unused source for biogas and ethanol production. Many factors, like lignin content, crystallinity of cellulose, and particle size, limit the digestibility of the hemicellulose and cellulose present in the lignocellulosic biomass. Pretreatments have as a goal to improve the digestibility of the lignocellulosic biomass. Each pretreatment has its own effect(s) on the cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin; the three main components of lignocellulosic biomass. This paper reviews the different effect(s) of several pretreatments on the three main parts of the lignocellulosic biomass to improve its digestibility. Steam pretreatment, lime pretreatment, liquid hot water pretreatments and ammonia based pretreatments are concluded to be pretreatments with high potentials. The main effects are dissolving hemicellulose and alteration of lignin structure, providing an improved accessibility of the cellulose for hydrolytic enzymes.

PMID:
18599291
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2008.05.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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