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Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2008 Aug;29(8):383-90. doi: 10.1016/j.tips.2008.05.005. Epub 2008 Jul 1.

Multi-layered action mechanisms of CD137 (4-1BB)-targeted immunotherapies.

Author information

1
Center for Applied Medical Research, Universidad de Navarra, Avenida de Pio XII, 55. 31008 Pamplona, Spain. imelero@unav.es

Abstract

CD137 (also known as 4-1BB) is a surface co-stimulatory glycoprotein originally described as present on activated T lymphocytes. Artificial stimulation of this molecule with monoclonal antibodies or other agonist moieties therapeutically augments the cellular immune response against tumors, regardless of the absence of CD137 on tumor cells. These pharmacological agents, when administered systemically, surpass the immune effects of the membrane-bound natural ligand (CD137 or 4-1BB ligand), the activity of which is confined to cell-to-cell interactions. Greater affinity and broader distribution of the CD137 pharmacological agonists cause much more intense receptor crosslinking and stronger intracellular signals than the natural ligand. Target engagement on a variety of immune cell types such as T, natural killer and dendritic cells and on tumor vessels could switch on multiple mechanisms of action. As an agonist, anti-CD137 monoclonal antibody has entered Phase II clinical trials; elucidation of the mechanisms behind the antitumor efficacy requires further research in mice and patients to understand and rationally combine these new treatments.

PMID:
18599129
DOI:
10.1016/j.tips.2008.05.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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