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Heart Fail Clin. 2008 Jul;4(3):379-82. doi: 10.1016/j.hfc.2008.03.013.

Reclassifying heart failure: predominantly subendocardial, subepicardial, and transmural.

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1
Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ, USA.

Abstract

Recent innovations in imaging techniques have provided key mechanistic insights into the diverse phenotypic expressions of heart failure, with a wide range of potential applications to uncover the stages in progression of cardiac muscle dysfunction. This review proposes a new algorithm for exploring the spectrum of altered cardiac muscle mechanics in patients with heart failure.

PMID:
18598989
DOI:
10.1016/j.hfc.2008.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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