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Exp Cell Res. 2008 Sep 10;314(15):2762-73. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2008.06.004. Epub 2008 Jun 12.

Filamin A is a novel caveolin-1-dependent target in IGF-I-stimulated cancer cell migration.

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Department of Biological Regulation, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.


Caveolin-1 is an essential structural constituent of caveolae which is involved in regulation of mitogenic signaling and oncogenesis. Caveolin-1 has been implicated in cell migration but its exact role and mechanism of action in this process remained obscure. We have previously reported that expression of caveolin-1 in stably transfected MCF-7 human breast cancer (MCF-7/Cav1) cells up-regulates phosphorylation of a putative Akt substrate protein, designated pp340 [D. Ravid, S. Maor, H. Werner, M. Liscovitch, Caveolin-1 inhibits cell detachment-induced p53 activation and anoikis by upregulation of insulin-like growth factor-I receptors and signaling, Oncogene 24 (2005) 1338-1347.]. We now show, using differential detergent extraction, SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry, that the major protein in the pp340 band is the actin filament cross-linking protein filamin A. The identity of pp340 as filamin A was confirmed by immunoprecipitation of pp340 with specific filamin A antibodies. RT-PCR, flow cytometry and Western blot analyses show that filamin A mRNA and protein levels are respectively 3.5- and 2.5-fold higher in MCF-7/Cav1 cells than in MCF-7 cells. Basal filamin A phosphorylation on Ser-2152, normalized to total filamin A levels, is 7.8-fold higher in MCF-7/Cav1 than in MCF-7 cells. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) stimulates phosphorylation of filamin A on Ser-2152 in MCF-7 cells and further enhances Ser-2152 phosphorylation over its already high basal level in MCF-7/Cav1 cells. The effect of IGF-I is inhibited by the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin, indicating that IGF-I-stimulated phosphorylation of filamin A occurs via the PI3K/Akt pathway. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments have confirmed a previous report showing that filamin A and caveolin-1 co-exist in a complex and have revealed the presence of active phospho-Akt in this complex. Ser-2152 phosphorylation of filamin A has been implicated in cancer cell migration. Accordingly, caveolin-1 expression dramatically enhances IGF-I-dependent MCF-7 cell migration. These data indicate that caveolin-1 specifies filamin A as a novel target for Akt-mediated filamin A Ser-2152 phosphorylation thus mediating the effects of caveolin-1 on IGF-I-induced cancer cell migration.

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