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Auton Autacoid Pharmacol. 2008 Apr-Jul;28(2-3):81-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-8673.2008.00420.x.

Alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors mediate nerve and agonist-evoked contractions in mouse vas deferens: evidence obtained from knockout technology.

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Department of Physiology, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, 123 St Stephen's Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.


1 It has been demonstrated that nerve-evoked contractions of the rat vas deferens involve alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors. Definitive evidence for a similar alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor-mediated response in mouse vas deferens has been more difficult to obtain. In this study, we have used alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor knockout (alpha(1D)-KO) mice to aid in the pharmacological characterization. 2 Mouse whole vas deferens was stimulated with a single pulse every 5 min. Once a stable response had been obtained, vehicle or antagonist was administered cumulatively at 5-min intervals and a response to stimulation obtained 5 min later. Cumulative concentration-response curves were also obtained for noradrenaline. 3 In vas deferens from alpha(1D)-KO mice, the contractile response to low concentrations of noradrenaline and the contractile response to a single stimulus were significantly reduced as compared to wild type (WT). 4 The alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor selective antagonist, BMY 7378, produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of single pulse-evoked contractions of vas deferens from WT and alpha(1D)-KO mice. BMY 7378 was significantly less potent in inhibiting stimulation-evoked contractions in vas deferens from alpha(1D)-KO mice. 5 It is concluded that alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors mediate a component of nerve- and agonist-evoked contractions of the vas deferens of WT mice.

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