1. Epilepsy Behav. 2008 Oct;13(3):523-8. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2008.05.015. Epub 2008
Jul 1.

Psychosocial predictors of lifestyle management in adults with epilepsy.

Robinson E(1), DiIorio C, DePadilla L, McCarty F, Yeager K, Henry T, Schomer D,
Shafer P.

Author information: 
(1)Department of Society Human Development and Health, Harvard University School 
of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
erobinso@hsph.harvard.edu

The purposes of the work described in this article were to (1) describe a model
of predictive relationships among psychosocial variables and lifestyle
management, and (2) test the model among people with epilepsy. The variables
selected for the model were based on social cognitive theory and the results of
previous studies examining psychosocial predictors of self-management among
people with chronic physical health conditions. Variables included in the model
were self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, depressive symptoms, and social
support. Participants for the study were recruited from epilepsy treatment
facilities in Boston, MA, and Atlanta, GA, USA. Half of the participants were
female, 81% were white, and their mean age was 43.1 years. As predicted by social
cognitive theory, self-efficacy was related to lifestyle management and explained
23% of its variation. Depressive symptoms were related to both self-efficacy and 
social support. Social support was related to self-efficacy. These findings
suggest that lifestyle management is influenced by a number of relationships
between psychosocial variables, particularly by self-efficacy.

DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2008.05.015 
PMCID: PMC3150734
PMID: 18595777  [Indexed for MEDLINE]