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Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2008 Jun;23(3):292-300. doi: 10.1089/cbr.2007.0448.

Safety and efficacy of radionuclide therapy with high-activity In-111 pentetreotide in patients with progressive neuroendocrine tumors.

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Excel Diagnostics Imaging Clinics, Houston, TX 77042, USA.


The intent of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of high-activity 111In-pentetreotide in patients with neuroendocrine tumors. Thirty-two patients with pentetreotide-avid neuroendocrine tumors received therapy from August 2005 to November 2006. Fourteen (14) patients received 1 treatment and 18 patients received 2 treatments. Patients were followed an average of 12.73 months (range 1.2-24.5). Seventeen (17) patients (53%) had grade I or II hematologic toxicities, and 1 patient had grade III thrombocytopenia. One patient had grade II liver toxicity, which appeared 4 weeks after therapy and resolved on week 5. No patient had renal toxicity. Of the patients who completed 2 treatment cycles, 2 of 18 patients had partial disease regression, and 16 of 18 patients with previously progressive disseminated neuroendocrine disease achieved stable disease by imaging criteria. A decrease in serum tumor markers was observed in 14 of 18 patients given 2 therapies. A clinical response was achieved in 84% of the patients. Upon interim analysis, median survival was approximately 13 months (range 1.2-24.5). These results show that high-activity 111In-pentetreotide therapy is effective in patients with progressive disseminated neuroendocrine tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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